Sun exposure or hormonal changes can cause pigmentation, which is one of the most common skin problems nowadays. Pigmentation can be described in two ways:
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Pigmented skin can be the reason for genetic disorders or environmental factors. Our body produces melanin that gives color to our skin, eyes, and hair. The amount of its production is determined by our genes. High or less production of melanin gives a darker or lighter color tone to the skin. When our body produces melanin abnormally, it results in dark spots or patches on our skin, mostly on the face. The hormonal changes, age factors, and exposure to the harmful rays of the sun cause hyperpigmentation. As it looks unusual to most people, it looks for its treatment.
Skin hyperpigmentation is the condition in which uneven skin tone patches appear on the face. It can be due to genetics, a sign of aging, or exposure to the sun. Hormonal disturbance also makes our skin get pigmented. Pigmentation on the face can occur in different forms like spots, darker colored clusters near eyes and mouth area, freckles or can be the result of post-acne scars. Treating these marks by yourself by applying different creams and serums can irritate your skin because you don’t know the cause of hyperpigmentation. Get the help of a dermatologist and they will suggest the best solution to permanently fix facial pigmentation.