Pigmented skin can be the reason for genetic disorders or environmental factors. Our body produces melanin that gives color to our skin, eyes, and hair. The amount of its production is determined by our genes. High or less production of melanin gives a darker or lighter color tone to the skin. When our body produces melanin abnormally, it results in dark spots or patches on our skin, mostly on the face. The hormonal changes, age factors, and exposure to the harmful rays of the sun cause hyperpigmentation. As it looks unusual to most people, it looks for its treatment.