Skin & Hair Transplant Clinic

Premature Greying Of Hair

Also known as canities, natural greying of hair is a phenomenon many people associate with old age. However, greying of hair can affect persons of all ages indiscriminately. Canities occurs when the cells responsible for pigmentation in hair follicles die or get damaged. Greying of hair is considered premature if it happens before the age of between 20 to 30 years.

Premature Greying Of Hair : Causes

Several factors cause premature greying of hair, including;

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Genetic predisposition plays a major role in premature greying of hair. If people in your lineage have or had grey hair, you are also likely to experience greying of hair. To a certain degree, race and ethnicity are also determinants of how early premature greying of hair can begin.

Vitamin deficiency

Premature greying of hair can be caused by a deficiency in certain types of vitamins like vitamin B-6 and B-12, vitamin D, and vitamin E.

Medical conditions

Diseases such as alopecia areata, vitiligo, and other autoimmune diseases result in melanin deficiency and loss of pigment thereby causing premature graying of hair.

Mental stress

Stress can lead to premature graying of hair as it is an active contributor to the depletion of the stem cells responsible for hair color.


Studies have established a correlation between smoking and graying of hair. This is mainly because smoking introduces toxins into the body that can damage hair follicles as well as curtail the smooth flow of blood to the hair follicles leading to graying.

Oxidative stress

This can cause premature greying of hair as free radicals damage cells due to a lack of sufficient supply of antioxidants in the body. The resulting imbalance fastens aging and greying of hair.
A variety of other factors such as thyroid disorders and prolonged use of cosmetic hair dyes and products can also reduce melanin production and lead to premature graying of hair.

Prevention And Management

Premature greying of hair creates self-esteem issues and a dip in the confidence of most affected persons. Therefore, people experiencing premature greying of hair explore various remedies for the condition. However, it should be noted that in cases where the cause is genetic or old age, reversal is not possible.
In cases where medical conditions are the cause of premature greying, treatment can restore color pigmentation to the hair follicles. Greying of hair can also be reversed by dietary adjustments if vitamin deficiency is the principal cause of the greying.

How to prevent premature greying of hair?

To prevent premature greying of hair, one can;
Eat foods rich in various vitamins if the cause of greying is vitamin deficiency.
Eat fruits, vegetables, fish, and other foods rich in antioxidants to reduce oxidative stress that leads to greying of hair.
Quit smoking as it actively contributes to loss of hair pigmentation and consequently the greying of hair.
Use various natural remedies such as curry leaves, bhringaraj, Indian gooseberry, black tea, ridge gourd, and increasing trace copper levels in the body to prevent, slow down, or reverse premature greying of hair.
This also a major cause of hair turns to premature grey by affecting the stem cells that are responsible for hair pigment.
It can occur with viral infections. It could result in early premature hair grey.
Ultraviolet rays of sun exposure to ultraviolet radiation damages hair fiber. It may cause dryness, rough surface texture, reduce strength, loose color, and brittleness of hair.
Studies say that there are chemicals in the air that damage melanin production. The process of hair against thor speed generates free radicals or oxidative stress.
Premature greying of hair may signal other underlying medical conditions. Therefore, it is important to visit a doctor once you notice a sudden, inexplicable greying of hair prematurely.





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